Risk factors for all eating disorders involve a range of biological, psychological, and sociocultural issues these factors may interact differently in different people, so two people with the same eating disorder can have very diverse perspectives, experiences, and symptoms. Social factors that many feel may contribute to eating disorders include: cultural pressures that glorify thinness and place value on obtaining the perfect body. According to the sociocultural model of eating disorders, young girls in our society quickly learn that thinness elicits many forms of social reinforcement, achievement, and rewards, whereas obesity is associated with various social punishments such as social isolation.
Before genetics-related findings, the primary explanation for the development of eating disorders involved sociocultural factors certainly, from a sociocultural perspective, most individuals are exposed to societal or cultural pressures regarding weight or appearance, but again, not all will develop an eating disorder. Exposure to western ideals of appearance along with rapid societal change appears to be salient risk factors for eating disorder development according to the sociocultural model, internalization. Although sociocultural pressures are thought to contribute to bulimia nervosa, little research has examined the mechanisms by which these factors might actually produce eating pathology. National surveys estimate that 20 million women and 10 million men in america will have an eating disorder at some point in their liveswhile no one knows for sure what causes eating disorders, a growing consensus suggests that it is a range of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors.
Primary therapist stacey rosenfeld, phd, cgp explores the cultural influences of eating disorders in modern day society for more information and to follow dr rosenfeld's professional blog, please scroll to the end of the post. The findings add a new dimension to a field that has posited mainly psychological, family and sociocultural roots to the disorder, notes university of pittsburgh psychiatrist walter kaye, md, who heads the large international multisite project on the genetics of eating disorders, of which the study is a part. The following social factors can contribute to eating disorders: ø cultural pressures that glorify thinness and obtaining the perfect body ø narrow definitions of beauty that include only women and men of specific body weights and shapes. Eating disorders are complex conditions that arise from a combination of long-standing behavioral, biological, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors scientists and researchers are still learning about. As with most mental illnesses, eating disorders are not caused by just one factor, but rather by a combination of cognitive, sociocultural, and biological factors there are many psychological causes and personality traits that may predispose people to developing eating disorders.
Kara l kerr is currently studying psychology, sociology, and women's and gender studies at the university of tulsa in the future, she plans to study eating disorders while working toward a phd in clinical psychology. Sociocultural explanations of eating disorders are adept in explaining why eating disorders affect those they do (western women), but do not explain why not all western women develop the disorders obviously there are other factors that make certain individuals more susceptible perhaps those explained by the previous models. Metamotivational tendencies, sociocultural attitudes, has aimed to identify risk factors for eating disorders such as cies that may lead to the development of.
This supports the notion that freedom for women, as well as affluence, are sociocultural factors that may predispose to the development of eating disorders (bemporad, 1997) cross-cultural comparisons of eating disorder cases that have been identified have yielded some important findings. Socio-cultural factors may be important deter one factor which may play a role in the minants of the disorder furthermore, despite increasing incidence of anorexia nervosa relates. Periods,self-starvationthatwasspirituallymo- underpinnings of eating disorders bruch tivatedreappeared,withmanywomenwhofas- (1973)andselvini-palazzoli(1963)werethe. Stereotypical eating disorder client with very little consideration as to how sociocultural factors may impact the treatment the methods employed center whiteness and affluence without.
Many socio-cultural factors also contribute to eating disorders in all cultures, but japan may have some factors that are particular to that culture the tripartite model of body image disturbance includes three factors that can be socio-culturally influential - peers, parents, and media. Socio-cultural factors'thin is attractive' people with both anorexia and bulimia place a prime importance on shape and weight, probably because of a more general cultural emphasis placed on physical appearance within western society. There are a variety of possible causes that lead to an eating disorder such as culture, socioculture, family life, and genetic disorders of sociocultural. Based on this, it is reasonable to conclude that eating disorders of the biblical era and beyond were probably motivated by factors other than an obsession with thinness.